Two years ago, I alerted people to the fact that the groundwork was being laid for a new kind of government where virtually everyone is a suspect and it will no longer matter if you’re innocent or guilty, whether you’re a threat to the nation or even if you’re a citizen. What will matter is what the president — or whoever happens to be occupying the Oval Office at the time — thinks.

At the time, I was voicing concerns about the liberties the Bush administration was taking in its application of the term “enemy combatant.” Today, under the Obama administration, the perceived threat is coming from an altogether different direction: “rightwing extremists.”

In a recent report issued by the Department of Homeland Security, “Rightwing Extremism: Current Economic and Political Climate Fueling Resurgence in Radicalization and Recruitment,” an extremist is defined as anyone who subscribes to a particular political viewpoint. Rightwing extremists are broadly defined in the report as individuals and groups “that are mainly antigovernment, rejecting federal authority in favor of state or local authority, or rejecting government authority entirely.”

The report is problematic on many levels, but several things in particular stand out.

First, the report is short on facts and long on generalizations. The DHS states that it has “no specific information that domestic rightwing terrorists are currently planning acts of violence.” Nevertheless, it goes on to list a number of scenarios that could arise as a result of so-called rightwing extremists playing on the public’s fears and discontent over various issues, including the economic downturn, real estate foreclosures and unemployment — all problems created by the government.

Second, it uses the words terrorist and extremist interchangeably. In other words, voicing what the government would consider to be extremist viewpoints is tantamount to being a terrorist. However, if you buy into the government’s definition, I could very well be considered a terrorist. So too could John Lennon, Martin Luther King Jr., Roger Baldwin (founder of the ACLU), Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson and Samuel Adams — all of these men protested and passionately spoke out against government practices with which they disagreed and would be prime targets under this document.

Third, the 10-page document takes pains to describe the political views of those who would qualify as being a rightwing extremist. For example, you are labeled a rightwing extremist if you voice concerns about a myriad of issues including: policy changes under President Obama; the economic downturn and home foreclosures; the loss of U.S. jobs in manufacturing and construction sectors; and social issues such as abortion, interracial crimes, immigration and same-sex marriage.

DHS also issues a red-flag warning against anyone who promotes “conspiracy theories involving declarations of martial law, impending civil strife or racial conflict, suspension of the U.S. Constitution, and the creation of citizen detention camps.”

If anyone seems to have a conspiratorial bent, it’s the DHS under the Obama administration. Lacking any concrete facts, this document reeks of paranoia on the part of government officials about a possible populist uprising. The danger, however, is that the government has incredible resources to follow through on their fears — which means surveillance and intimidation of citizens who disagree with the government.

This is nothing less than the shot across the bow, a warning that the government will be targeting for surveillance those who disagree with the administration politically. They’re going to monitor internet activity, phone calls, as well as what commentators and bloggers have to say. DHS will also be working with state and local agents to conduct surveillance. As the report states: “DHS will be working with its state and local partners over the next several months to ascertain with greater regional specificity the rise in rightwing extremist activity in the United States, with a particular emphasis on the political, economic, and social factors that drive rightwing extremist radicalization.” In other words, they’re going to nationalize their paranoia.

In taking such an overt stance against political rivals, the government is taking aim at a protected First Amendment right: the right to political speech and thought. Targeting people because of their political views is Nixonesque, a repeat of past tactics to preempt political opposition.

Americans have a right to be disgruntled.

Why should any American be treated like an enemy of the state just because we choose to exercise our constitutional rights?

Constitutional attorney and author John W. Whitehead is founder and president of The Rutherford Institute.